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Adaptation and Loss and Damage Update: UNFCCC, NATO, FAO Advance Work on Adaptation

Photo Credit: UN Photo- Logan Abassi


  • The UNFCCC Bonn Climate Change Conference considered a number of adaptation-related issues in formal negotiations, as well as side events that addressed topics, such as climate risk management, adaptation innovation and finance, ecosystem-based adaptation (EBA), climate resilience, and loss and damage.
  • FAO issued supplementary guidelines to the UNFCCC NAP Guidelines for ‘Addressing Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in National Adaptation Plans.’ Ahead of the G7 Summit held in Taormina, Italy, from 26-27 May 2017, the NATO Parliamentary Assembly’s Science and Technology Committee issued a special report titled ‘Food and Water Security in the Middle East and North Africa.’

Over the past few weeks, climate change adaptation received high-level attention from international actors ranging from the UNFCCC to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO). The UNFCCC Bonn Climate Change Conference considered a number of adaptation-related issues in formal negotiations, as well as at side events.

FAO released supplementary guidelines to the UNFCCC technical guidelines for the National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) process with a broad focus on agriculture. NATO issued two reports on food and water security, and the costs of climate change. The present update addresses these and other developments that contribute to achieveing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2 (zero hunger), 13 (climate action) and 17 (partnerships for the Goals). It also includes a list of selected publications on matters related to adaptation and loss and damage.

Bonn Climate Change Conference Advances Work on Adaptation, Task Force on Displacement Holds First Meeting

In Bonn, the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) and Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) convened for their 46th sessions. The Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA) held the third part of its first session. SBI 46 adopted conclusions on NAPs and the third review of the Adaptation Fund. SBSTA 46 adopted conclusions on the Nairobi work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change (NWP). APA 1-3 considered further guidance in relation to the adaptation communication, including, inter alia, as a component of nationally determined contributions (NDCs). [SBI In-session Documents] [SBSTA In-session Documents] [APA In-session Documents] [IISD RS Coverage of Bonn Climate Change Negotiations]

Numerous adaptation- and loss and damage-related side events were held on the margins of the formal negotiations, addressing topics such as climate risk management, adaptation innovation and finance, ecosystem-based adaptation (EBA), climate resilience, and loss and damage. These events included:

Immediately following the conclusion of the Bonn Climate Change Conference, the first meeting of the Task Force on Displacement (TFD) of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts (WIM) took place from 18-19 May 2017 at the same venue. The Task Force prepared its draft workplan, in accordance with its Terms of Reference (ToR). [Meeting Agenda] [TFD Handbook] [UNFCCC Meeting Webpage] [UNFCCC Adaptation Workshops and Meetings Webpage]

The 20 September 2017 deadline for three calls for submissions under the NWP issued by SBSTA 44 is approaching. Parties and relevant organizations are invited to contribute information on human settlements, economic diversification, and monitoring and evaluation. [SBSTA 44 Calls for Submissions under NWP] [NWP May 2017 Newsletter]

FAO Issues NAP Guidelines on Agriculture

FAO issued supplementary guidelines to the UNFCCC NAP Guidelines for ‘Addressing Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in National Adaptation Plans’ (NAP-Ag Guidelines) that aim to support developing countries in ensuring that agriculture is included in NAPs and made more adaptive and resilient. [Addressing Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in National Adaptation Plans] [Supplementary Guidelines Landing Page] [FAO Press Release] [UNFCCC NAP Guidelines Webpage]

NATO Assesses Regional Water and Food Security, Warns of Costs of Climate Change

Ahead of the G7 meeting held in Taormina, Italy, from 26-27 May 2017, the NATO Parliamentary Assembly’s Science and Technology Committee issued a special report titled ‘Food and Water Security in the Middle East and North Africa,’ calling for increased international development support on water and food security in the region, including measures to stabilize availability and prices of imported food.

The Economics and Security Committee of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly released a report titled ‘Assessing and Mitigating the Cost of Climate Change,’ which explores economic costs and trade-offs associated with climate change, and climate change mitigation and adaptation. [Food and Water Security in the Middle East and North Africa] [Assessing and Mitigating the Cost of Climate Change] [NATO Parliamentary Assembly Press Release] [UNFCCC Press Release]

Initiatives Explore Risk Management Approaches

The UNFCCC Secretariat published a template for collecting feedback on a draft paper-based compendium on comprehensive risk management approaches. [UNFCCC Template] [UNFCCC Loss and Damage Webpage]

The UN Secretary General’s Climate Resilience Initiative: Anticipate, Absorb, Reshape (A2R) issued a briefing paper titled ‘Anticipate, Absorb, Reshape: Current Progress on Three Key Capacities for Climate Resilience,’ presenting key findings of a baseline analysis of progress of climate resilience capacities in SIDS, LDCs and Africa. The paper concludes, inter alia, that countries face challenges implementing comprehensive early warning – early action systems, and that in many developing countries, insurance markets to reduce risks associated with climate change and social protection mechanisms have limited reach.

A2R seeks to strengthen three key capacities for climate resilience: the capacity to anticipate and act on climate hazards through early warning and early action; the capacity to absorb shocks by increasing access to climate risk insurance and social protection; and the capacity to reshape development pathways by transforming economies to reduce risks. [Anticipate, Absorb, Reshape: Current Progress on Three Key Capacities for Climate Resilience] [A2R Website]

Urban Resilience in the Spotlight

The Eighth Global Forum on Urban Resilience and Adaptation took place in Bonn, Germany, from 4-6 May 2017, days before the Bonn Climate Change Conference. Organized by ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability and the City of Bonn, the Forum convened under the banner ‘Tracking local progress on the resilience targets of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 11.’ [Forum Programme] [Forum Website] [Climate-ADAPT Press Release]

A study by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) titled ‘A Blue Urban Agenda: Adapting to Climate Change in the Coastal Cities of Caribbean and Pacific Small Island Developing States’ evaluates lessons learnt from urban coastal adaptation programs in SIDS, provides policy recommendations to address city resilience to climate change, and estimates that climate change-related threatens 4.2 million people in SIDS in the Caribbean and the Pacific. [A Blue Urban Agenda: Adapting to Climate Change in the Coastal Cities of Caribbean and Pacific Small Island Developing States] [IDB Press Release]

The Government of the Philippines launched a project titled ‘Building Climate Resiliency through Urban Plans and Designs’ seeking to enhance climate resilience in the country through urban plans and designs. [UN-HABITAT Press Release]

Reducing Climate Risks and Improving Livelihoods in Kenya

The International Labour Organization (ILO), in partnership with the UK Department for International Development (DFID), UN Environment and UN-HABITAT, developed a project aiming to reduce Kenya’s vulnerability to climate risks and improve livelihoods among traditional pastoralist communities. This project is at the crossroads between SDG 13 …. [ILO Press Release]

Must Reads


The SDG Knowledge Hub publishes Climate Change Adaptation and Loss and Damage updates that focus on news and reports on projects and other developments related to adaptation and loss and damage. Past Climate Change Adaptation and Loss and Damage updates can be found under the tag: Climate Change Adaptation Update.

Credit: IISD- SDG Knowledge Hub

US$650,000 Grant for Bartica ‘Green’ Town project

A section of Bartica. Photo Credit: Guyana Times

The Government of Guyana has received a US$650,000 grant from the Government of Italy in support of its Model ‘Green’ Town, Bartica Project. The primary objective of the grant is to establish a reliable point of reference for the existing state of energy use in Bartica. The data generated from this will be used for future measurements and predictions for evidence-based decision-making and pursuance of projects and programs.

Bartica, has been designated the model town for ‘Green’ Initiatives. This project is therefore, located within the agenda of the Green Economy Framework in lieu of Guyana’s overarching sustainable development architecture.

To this end, activities undertaken will include sensitisation and awareness of Bartica’s populace, conducting of Household Baseline Survey Study, Energy Audits of public institutions, facilities and street lighting in Bartica, Transportation Sector energy audit, among others.

These efforts are being facilitated by the Office of Climate Change, which falls under the purview of the Ministry of the Presidency, in partnership with the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC).

The project is set to be officially launched on Monday, June 5, 2017 in Bartica.

Credit: The Government of Guyana

A Challenge for the Caribbean: Nature and Tourism

Excerpt taken from the Inter-American Development Bank’s publication:

Integration & Trade Journal: Volume 21: No. 41: March, 2017

Carlos Fuller, International and Regional Liaison Officer, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, (CCCCC)

One of the greatest injustices of pollution is that its consequences are not limited to those who produce it. The Caribbean is one of the least polluting regions in the world but it is also one of the most exposed to global warming due to the importance of the tourism sector within its economy.

Carlos Fuller, an expert from the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, explains the consequences of the region’s dependence on petroleum and analyzes the potential of public policy for supporting renewable energy.

How is climate change impacting the Caribbean?

The Caribbean’s greenhouse gas emissions are very small because we have a small population, we are not very industrialized, and we don’t do a lot of agriculture, so we don’t emit a lot. However, mitigation is important for us because of the high cost of fuel and energy. Most of our islands depend on petroleum as a source of energy, and when oil prices were above US$100 per barrel, we were spending more than 60% of our foreign exchange on importing petroleum products into the Caribbean. In that respect, we really want to transition to renewable energy sources as we have considerable amounts of solar, wind, geothermal, and biomass energy potential.

Has climate change started to affect tourism?

It has. Climate change is severely impacting our natural attractions, our tourist attractions. For example, we have a significant amount of erosion because of sea level rise, wave action, and storm surges, which is causing tremendous erosion and affecting our beaches. Our coral reefs, which are a big attraction, are also suffering a lot of bleaching which is impacting our fish stock. Those resources are being affected significantly. We do have significant protected areas; however, we need more resources to enforce the protection of these.

What role do public policies play in developing renewable energy?

In some countries, [we’re] doing reasonably well on this front. In Belize, for example, we now have independent coal producers and we have transitioned to an increased use of hydro, solar, and biomass, so more than 50% of our domestic electricity supply is from renewable energy sources. However, on many of the islands, we need to create an enabling environment to allow renewable energy to penetrate the market. We are going to need a lot of assistance from the international community to put in the regulatory framework that will allow us to develop renewable energy in these places. We then need to attract potential investors to provide sources of renewable energy in the region. Of course, the Caribbean’s tourism is an important sector of the economy, which is one of the reasons we need to protect our reserves and natural parks. We are also trying to make our buildings more resilient to the effects of extreme weather. That is the focus of our work.

How does the Green Climate Fund work? 

The Green Climate Fund is headquartered in South Korea and it has an independent board of management. However, various agencies can be accredited to access the fund directly. We have already applied for a project to preserve the barrier reef and another to promote biomass use in the Caribbean. So, we have two projects in the pipeline through the Green Climate Fund which are valued at around US$20 million.

Do you think that the Paris and Marrakesh summits brought concrete results for the region?

We were very pleased with the outcome in Paris. The objectives that the Caribbean Community wanted were achieved: the limit for warming was set at 2°C; adaptation was considered along with mitigation; finance, technology transfer, and capacity building were included; and a compliance system was put in place. All the things that we wanted out of Paris, we achieved, and so we are very happy with that.

Peruse the complete Integration & Trade Journal: Volume 21

Invitation for Bid for the Supply of one Bathymetric LIDAR Equipment

Country: BELIZE

Name of project: United States Agency for International Development/Eastern and Southern Caribbean (USAID/ESC) – Climate Change Adaptation Program (USAID- CCAP)

Grant No.: 538-RDOAG-DO3-2015

Contract Title: Supply, delivery, installation, calibration of one (1) airborne bathymetric Light Imaging, Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) system

Reference No.: Contract #14/2017/USAID/CCCCC

The Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (“the Centre) has received financing from the United States Agency for International Development/Eastern and Southern Caribbean (USAID/ESC) for implementation of the project Climate Change Adaptation Program (USAID- CCAP) and it intends to apply part of the proceeds to payments under the Contract for the: “Supply, delivery, installation, calibration of one (1) airborne bathymetric Light Imaging, Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) system”.
Peruse the following:
Bids must be delivered to the address below via Courier or by hand on or before 2:00 p.m. (GMT- 6) on Friday 30th June, 2017. Electronic bidding will NOT be permitted. Late bids will be rejected. Bids will be publicly opened in the presence of the bidders’ designated representatives and anyone who choose to attend at the address below on Friday 30th June, 2017 at 2:00 p.m. (GMT- 6).
The address is:
Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre
2nd Floor, Lawrence Nicholas Building
Ring Road, Belmopan, BELIZE
Telephone: 501-822-1094, 822-1104
Facsimile number: 501-822-1365
Attention: Ms. Maxine Alexander Nestor, Procurement Officer

ACS and CCCCC discuss collaboration

(L-R) Keith Nichols, Project Development Specialist, CCCCC; Alexander Girvan, Caribbean Sea Commission Coordinator; Tricia Barrow, Political Advisor; Dr. Kenrick Leslie, Executive Director, CCCCC; Dr. June Soomer, Secretary General, ACS; Dr. Donneil Cain, Project Development Specialist, CCCCC; Vincent Peter, Project Development Specialist, CCCCC; Carlos Fuller, International and Regional Liaison Officer, CCCCC.

Belmopan, BELIZE: May 31, 2017 – Dr. Kenrick Leslie, Executive Director of the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) and Dr. June Soomer, Secretary General of the Association of Caribbean States (ACS) discussed collaborations on a range of issues when they met at the Centre’s office here on Monday, May 29, 2017.

Dr. Soomer, and her team paid a courtesy call on Dr. Leslie and his team, and took the opportunity to discuss areas of future cooperation and dialogue. In reviewing the scope of work and responsibilities of both organisations, both Drs. Leslie and Soomer agreed that the region could benefit if both organisations coordinate for the advancement of areas such as eco-systems based management, the development of scientific tools and data to aid climate change adaptation measures and on programmes that would help regional leaders to make more informed decisions.

Dr Soomer pointed to the organisation’s recent signing of a US$4 million grant from South Korea to assess and control the impact of coastal erosion and sea level rise in some member states. The grant is being used to do work in countries like Jamaica where CCCCC is also doing coastal protection work with KfW, the German Development Bank.

Other areas identified for parallel coordination efforts include fisheries, communication, disaster risk response and climate financing.  Pointing to the Centre’s recent accreditation by the Greed Climate Fund (GCF), Dr. Leslie said:

“The Centre along with the Caribbean Development Bank are now able to access financing to help the countries of the region prepare for the effects of climate change”.

The Centres’ work, Dr. Soomer told the meeting, aligns itself to the ACS’ goal to take the achievements of the region to the rest of the world. Caribbean also has a lot to teach the world, she said, noting that in the case of small organisations like the CCCCC and ACS, “pooling the resources, can do a lot for the region”.

Dr. June Soomer, Secretary General of the Association of Caribbean States and her team meeting with Dr. Kenrick Leslie, Executive Director of the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre

Dr Soomer’s team also included Ms. Tricia Barrow, Political Advisor and Alexander Girvan, the Caribbean Sea Commission Coordinator.  Dr.’s Leslie’s team included Mr. Keith Kichols, Dr. Donneil Cain, Mr Vincent Peter, project development specialists, and Mr. Carlos Fuller, International and Regional Liaison Officer.

The ACS is a grouping of countries of the sharing the Caribbean Sea. The organization provides a framework for cooperation and dialogue to further the economic integration, intra-regional trade and investments to improve competitiveness of its membership.

Caribbean considers new climate change approaches

PRESS RELEASE:- Commonwealth countries may soon be the benefit from a process called “regenerative development.” Recently, Commonwealth Secretary-General Patricia Scotland welcomed high commissioners and climate change innovators to a Commonwealth-facilitated conference in London, calling on all to work together on technologies and approaches that have the potential to reverse climate change. In her opening remarks, the … Continue reading

SKN To Receive CDB Grant For Climate Change Project

Image result for CDB WINN FM

St Kitts and Nevis is getting a climate-related Caribbean Development Bank grant of $538,000 euros.

The CDB says the funds will facilitate the conducting of a climate risk and vulnerability assessment of the federation’s coastal road infrastructure.

The CDB grant will also be used to prepare designs for the rehabilitation of two high-priority sites, according to a release from the regional Bank.

The bank’s board of directors has approved millions in loans and grants for ten borrowing member countries, including the grant to St Kitts and Nevis.

In the case of Dominica the CDB has approved a US$12 million line of credit to support education and housing.

The loan to the Dominica Agricultural Industrial and Development Bank is intended to assist in providing finance for student loans, and low and lower-middle income housing that, combined, is expected to benefit 400 people.

Haiti is being given a significant CDB grant to improve climate resilience, and disaster risk management.

The CDB says the grant of US$5.5 million to the Government of Haiti is to improve climate resilience and disaster risk management on an island off the country’s southern peninsula.

St Vincent and the Grenadines is meanwhile being allocated five million US dollars in loans and grants in additional support for the transformation of the country’s energy sector.

Other projects have been approved in The Bahamas, Belize, Grenada, Guyana, Suriname and the Turks and Caicos Islands.

Credit: WinnFM

CCCCC attends GCF Direct Access Workshop

Dr. Mark Bynoe, Assistant Executive Director, Senior Economist and Head of the Project Development and management Unit, CCCCC

Assistant Executive Director at the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Dr. Mark Bynoe, and Project Development Specialist, Dr. Donneil Cain, participated in a meeting of representatives of the Green Climate Fund’s (GCF) direct access Accredited Entities in Songdo, South Korea. The CCCCC is one of two regional Accredited Entities to the GCF.

At the meeting which was held between May 23 and 25, GCF’s Direct Access Entities worked alongside relevant National Designated Authorities (NDAs), GCF Readiness delivery partners and GCF staff to strengthen entities’ capacity across key areas of engagement with the Fund.

Expectations are that the meeting should boost the capacity of members to develop strong GCF funding proposal and GCF project concept note, as well as funding proposal development. Emphasis is being placed on refining proposals that have been already submitted to GCF; the key elements when formulating proposals, like mainstreaming gender, environmental and social safeguards, risk; and the Fund’s monitoring and reporting policies.

At the meeting, the Centre’s team presented on the Energy-Water-Nutrient Nexus for Sustainable Coastal Infrastructure Barbados (EWN – SCI Barbados), a project to integrate water and energy resource management, while discussing other project pipelines, said Dr Bynoe, who also heads Programme Management and Development at the Centre.

“The main objective is for the Centre to strengthen its relationship with the GCF as it seeks to unlock climate financing for the region to build their development resilience to climate variability and change,” he continued.

GCF’s direct access Accredited Entities are sub-national, national and regional organisations, which have been nominated for accreditation to GCF by NDAs (or focal points). Of the Fund’s 48 Accredited Entities, 23 are direct access. This modality is a key feature of the Green Climate Fund, which emphasizes the role of robust and competent entities to enhance country ownership of projects and programmes.

Dubbed the “Empowering Direct Access workshop” the meeting provided participants with the opportunity to share experiences and knowledge from their various perspectives including those which have already had GCF projects approved and countries with GCF Readiness Support activities underway. Participants also got the opportunity to meet with Readiness delivery partners who can help them to build capacities in their countries or organisations.

This, the second meeting, was focused on direct access entities; the first took place in 2016.

Pitch for the Planet – $ 500 million to catalyze climate capital

The Green Climate Fund has launched a global campaign to unlock private sector investment in climate finance. The Fund is offering USD 500 million to support business ideas that drive greenhouse gas emission reductions and help communities adapt to climate change in developing countries. This is the first time GCF has issued a call for … Continue reading

USD 110 million of new support for climate change mitigation, adaptation and resilience projects across the Caribbean as EIB and CDB sign new financing agreement

The European Investment Bank (EIB) and Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) have signed a USD 110 million financing agreement to support investment projects in the Caribbean under CDB’s climate action policy. The Climate Action Framework Loan II builds on the USD 65 million Climate Action Line of Credit (CALC) signed between EIB and CDB in 2011, and which supports nine projects in seven countries across the Caribbean. The EUR 100 million climate action initiative is the EIB’s biggest loan to the Caribbean.

Eligible investments under the Climate Action Framework Loan II include climate change mitigation, adaptation and resilience projects in renewable energy, energy efficiency, road transport, water infrastructure and community-level physical and social infrastructure  that reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve resilience to the impacts of climate change.

CDB President Dr. Wm. Warren Smith and EIB Vice President responsible for the Caribbean, Pim van Ballekom, signed the new agreement in the Turks and Caicos Islands on May 24, 2017, during the 47th Annual Meeting of CDB’s Board of Governors.

EIB Vice President Pim van Ballekom, CDB President William Warren SmithEIB Vice President, Pim Van Ballekom (left) and CDB President, Dr. Wm. Warren Smith (right) shake hands after signing the agreement for the Climate Action Framework Loan II on May 24, 2017 in Providenciales, Turks and Caicos Islands.

Pim Van Ballekom, EIB Vice President said: “We are delighted to be signing this new climate action loan with CDB, which is the result of a fruitful partnership that lasts for almost four decades, to support new projects in the Caribbean. This partnership is currently supporting CDB’s efforts to mainstream climate action to help its borrowing member countries (BMCs), which are all considered Small Island Developing States, to adequately tackle risks related to climate change. Caribbean countries face economic and social challenges which must be addressed whilst ensuring resilience to climate change. ”

CDB President Dr. Wm. Warren Smith said: “Through this new Line of Credit, CDB will be able to provide to its BMCs much needed low-cost financing to address the climate impacts already affecting these countries. The line supports our ongoing work to build climate resilience and the adaptive capacities of BMCs, as they work towards their goal of achieving sustainable development. The signing of this agreement reinforces the longstanding partnership between EIB and CDB, and signals strengthened cooperation between our two institutions.”

A healthy pipeline of climate action projects amounting to over USD 300 million for this new loan has been developed with support of an EIB-funded technical assistance programme.

To date, CDB has committed the total resources under the ongoing Climate Action Line of Credit (EUR 50 million), for nine projects. This co-financing is associated with total project financing of approximately USD 191 million (from CDB loans/grants, EIB CALC, counterpart and other sources of financing).

Representatives from the EIB and CDB
Representatives from CDB and EIB during the signing ceremony for the Climate Action Framework Loan II.

Since the approval of CDB’s Climate Resilience Strategy in 2012, 58% of projects financed have included climate change adaptation and/or mitigation elements. These projects were mainly in the sectors of water, education, physical infrastructure such as sea defences, drainage, and roads, and agriculture. Using the Joint Multilateral Development Bank Methodology, climate financing represented 13% of total CDB project financing in 2015. In 2016, CDB approved USD 50 million for projects with explicit climate resilience and sustainable energy actions.

The EIB has supported development and economic activity in the Caribbean with loans and equity investment worth EUR 1,6 billion.

Credit: Caribbean Development Bank (CDB)

Flickr Photos

The seventh annual Caribbean Urban Forum (CUF 7)

Belize City Council

Mayor Darrell Bradley, Belize City Council

Ralston Frazer, Deputy Mayor of Belmopan City

(L-R) Troy Smith, Valuation Manager, Belize City Council; Councilor Michael Theus, Ministry of Economic Development; Mayor Darrell Bradley, Belize City Council; Ralston Frazer, Deputy Mayor of Belmopan; Dr. Cassandra Rogers, Country Representative, Inter-

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