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Why Canada should lead global climate action (Guest Post)

Canada prides itself as a champion of multilateralism, peace, security and sustainable development. However, its commitment to global climate action, the world’s most emblematic indicator of these issues, is at best inconsistent with this legacy.

After subverting the imperfect but significant Kyoto Protocol, Canada now champions a market-led approach to global climate action.

While carbon trading and broader market approaches can play a role, they are insufficient. They lack transparency and robust monitoring, which can risk the very lives of vulnerable populations when exploited by countries like Australia.

A climate policy premised on business development focuses on the domestic development of technologies and tools to address climate change challenges. This promotes national economic interests at the expense of increasing the resiliency of vulnerable populations.

Failure to encourage greater collaboration on the development and transfer of climate-smart technologies with vulnerable states like Tuvalu in the south Pacific undermines the spirit and promise of the Paris Agreement.

Canada’s responsibility to lead is not just moral. Alongside its history of undermining global action, Canada is the top per capita emitter among G20 countries, the world’s seventh largest emitter overall even with its relatively modest population and is among just a few countries poised to benefit economically from climate change.

If Canada is serious about showing the world that it’s committed to bold global climate action and building its legacy of multilateralism, there are three significant actions it must take:

1. Align with the Paris Agreement

Canada must embrace ambitious global action by aligning its national plan with the Paris Agreement goal of limiting global temperature rise to 1.5C this century rather than doggedly adhering to the compromise of 2C.

The report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change — which was mandated by the Paris Agreement — and the panel’s recently released Climate Change and Land Reportmakes clear that discounting the 1.5C threshold is tantamount to accepting the worst-case scenario: sacrificing whole swaths of the globe.

1.5C temperature increase will have devastating effects. The entire Pacific and the Caribbean will become uninsurable. Sea level rise will cost an estimated US$10.2 trillion across Africa, Asia-Pacific and the Caribbean. Small island states may experience droughts for an average of four months a year.

The impact on food security, cultural preservation and access to basic education and health services will be profound.

2. Champion the UNFCCC Process

Canada ought to champion the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) process to ensure the very survival of vulnerable countries. Staying below 1.5C means staying within a global carbon budget. Annual global emissions must drop by about 50 per cent on 2010 levels by 2030, then reach net zero by 2050. We absolutely cannot afford to allow carbon trading systems to undermine the cumulative national progress made under the Paris Agreement.

After years of carbon offsetting, Canada should seize the promise of the UNFCCC’s calls to action to encourage countries to do better in their efforts to mitigate the effects of climate change. Canada should champion multilateral approaches to the global economy amid an uncertain diplomatic environment.

Canada must also push for international support for countries and regions that are disproportionately impacted by climate change and have limited resources to act.This is paramount, because climate change disproportionately impacts poor countries and exacerbates their historical disadvantages produced through the slave trade and the legacies of colonialism, including forced displacement. Additionally, good faith climate actions are reparatory, as climate change chiefly affects those least responsible for contributing to it.

3. Lead the GCF replenishment

Most tangibly, Canada should lead the urgent replenishment and expansion of the Green Climate Fund (GCF), the multilateral climate financing mechanism. Climate action, and the Paris Agreement itself, depend on substantial climate financing. The GCF is the largest provider of technical and institutional support and training. It’s critical in helping developing countries implement their obligations under the Paris Agreement.

The world’s wealthiest countries, including Canada, need to step up when it comes to funding the GCF. Roman Khripkov/Unsplash

In its brief existence, the fund has mobilized US$5 billion for climate action in nearly 100 countries, which will avert 1.5 billion tonnes of CO2 and help more than 310 million people thrive.

However, the GCF has allocated nearly all of the contributions it received during its initial launch. More than half of GCF projects are already being implemented. The world must safeguard and encourage the fund’s unique ability to support transformative climate action in countries most in need.

Canada responsibly honoured its pledge of $300 million at the fund’s launch, more than a third of which consisted of loans.

While Canada was the 10th largest contributor to the fund, its support is only credible relative to its rank as the world’s 11th largest economy. Canada’s commitment to global climate financing through the GCF must reflect its responsibility as the world’s seventh largest emitter and the worst in the G20 per capita.


Delegates and participants of the Green Climate Fund talk to each other prior the meeting in Berlin, Germany in November 2014. (AP Photo/dpa,Rainer Jensen)

Canada’s rare position as an economic beneficiary of climate change requires it to lead an ambitious and successful replenishment of the GCF. Fundamentally, the fund’s replenishment is a matter of principle. It means all wealthy nations must honour their commitment to provide $100 billion annually in new resources by 2020, a window of action that is rapidly closing.

As a wealthy nation with global diplomatic and multilateral influence, Canada is among a small subset of nations uniquely positioned to act individually and collaboratively. Where do we stand at this moment of global dithering and existential precarity on climate change?

Disclosure statement

Dr. Tyrone Hall is an advisor to the Chair of the Alliance of Small Island Developing States, a 44 country body that champions the interests of small island states within the United Nations system on climate change and sustainable development. His Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship supported doctoral work examined campaign and negotiation processes in relation to the landmark Paris Agreement on Climate Change, alongside communication processes in 17 indigenous and traditional villages across three continents.

CREDIT: The Conversation

Latin America and Caribbean Climate Week 2019

This week, 19 – 23 August, marks the Latin America and Caribbean Climate Week (LACCW) 2019, designed to advance climate action. It aims to support implementation of LAC countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement on climate change and action to deliver on the SDGs. The event is envisioned as a stepping stone to the UN 2019 Climate Summit.

The Week consists of two technical days and three days of thematic dialogues. The technical days include several closed events, including an NDC Dialogue focusing on SDG 1 (no poverty), the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN) Regional Forum in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) to advance SDG 5 (gender equality), a workshop on urban mobility in next generation NDCs under SDG 11 (sustainable cities and communities) and a Marrakech Partnership meeting with a focus on SDG 7 (affordable and clean energy). Open meetings will focus on carbon pricing, markets and sustainable development in LAC and transitioning to a low-carbon economy. Thematic dialogues are dedicated to, inter alia, industry transition and nature-based solutions in line with SDG 8 (decent work and economic growth), energy transition and infrastructure, cities and local action to advance SDG 1, and long-term strategies and decarbonization under SDG 13 (climate action).

LACCW is part of Regional Climate Weeks that are held annually in Africa, LAC and Asia-Pacific. Regional Climate Weeks are organized by the Nairobi Framework Partnership (NFP), which supports developing countries in preparing and implementing their NDCs. The events’ global partners are the UNFCCC, Word Bank, UN Development Programme (UNDP), UN Environment Programme (UNEP), UNEP Partnership with the Technical University of Denmark (UNEP-DTU Partnership), Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN) and International Emissions Trading Association (IETA). Regional partners include the African Development Bank (AfDB) in Africa, Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) in LAC and Asian Development Bank (ADB) and UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) in Asia-Pacific.

dates: 19-23 August 2019
location: Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

CREDIT: IISD SDG Knowledge Hub

Vacancy – Stakeholder And Gender Specialist (SGS)

The Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) is seeking a Stakeholder and Gender Specialist to strengthen the Programme Development and Management Unit (PDMU) through the preparation of project/programme proposals for Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Member States and the Caribbean Region in general. The PDMU aims at ensuring improved proposals crafting for innovative, impactful and transformative projects that can qualify for bilateral or multilateral climate and/or developmental financing, inclusive of funding from the Green Climate Fund (GCF). In order to integrate gender into these project/programme proposals, the Stakeholder and Gender Specialist will develop a gender assessment and social inclusion action plan.

Peruse the following official document: Terms of Reference – Stakeholder and Gender Specialist (SGS)

Applications should be clearly identified as – “Recruitment of Consultant – Stakeholder and Gender Specialist (SGS)- Building Capacity for the Regional Approach to Climate Action in the Caribbean: Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC)” and be submitted as one PDF file (in the order listed above) via email to:

Ms. Ethlyn Valladares
Human Resource Administrator
Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC)
Lawrence Nicholas Building, Ring Road
Belmopan City, Belize, C.A.
Phone: + (501) 822-1094 or 1104

The deadline for the submission of applications is on or before 2:00pm (-6 GMT), Friday 13th September 2019.


(L-R) Dr Kenrick Leslie, Executive Director of the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre with Dr Muhammad Ibrahim, Director-General of the
Tropical Agricultural Research And Higher Education Center

August 13, 2019; Belmopan, Belize. – On Tuesday, August 12, the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) hosted representatives from the Tropical Agricultural Research And Higher Education Center (CATIE) for the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between both institutions at its offices in Belmopan.

Dr Muhammad Ibrahim, the Director-General of CATIE, accompanied by one member of its Board, Mrs Gale Miller-Garnett, joined a small team from the CCCCC led by the Executive Director, Dr Kenrick Leslie to sign the MOU.

The agreement formalises a partnership to address:
• The development of joint proposals to secure resources to enhance collaborative possibilities through donors and partners;
• Assistance in the implementation of research and development programs; and
• The delivery of training programs and activities for professionals, officials, producers, and other appropriate clients.

Dr Ibrahim outlined CATIE’s areas of interests noting: “We are particularly interested in collaborating on Climate Change Adaptation initiatives that focus on the scaling up of Ecosystem-Based Adaptation by building on knowledge within Central America and reporting on the status of Biodiversity and Climate Change. We acknowledge that the Sustainable Development Goals are all linked to the Climate Change agenda and we want to build on achieving those”, Dr Ibrahim said.

In his response, Dr Leslie spoke of the willingness to work with counterpart agencies in achieving the Centre’s prime objectives: “There are many things that we as a community can do to prove beneficial to this work. The Centre has developed a model for partnership that has attributed to much of our success. The Centre welcomes the invitation to explore this partnership as both institutions share their expertise to further these initiatives,” he said.

In his remarks, Deputy Director and Science Advisor of the CCCCC Dr Ulric Trotz highlighted the areas that were most in need of resources.

“Two areas calling for significant resources to address them are the mangrove restoration and coral reef restoration. Between our institutions, we have enough information that we can use to scale up and focus our energy on a major intervention”.

The Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE) is a regional body dedicated to research and graduate education in agriculture, and the management, conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. Its members include Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Venezuela, the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) and the State of Acre in Brazil.

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New IPCC report on Climate Change and Land

On Wednesday August 7, 2019, in Geneva, Switzerland, the world’s governments approved the Summary for Policymakers of the Special Report on Climate Change and Land (SRCCL). The SRCLL is the second of three special reports that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is preparing during its current Sixth Assessment Report cycle. The first special report examining Global warming of 1.5oC was approved and released in September 2018, while the third report examining Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate is expected to be released in September 2019.

The Special Report on Climate Change and Land (SRCCL) draws important conclusions which highlight that land is already under growing human pressure and climate change is adding to these pressures. It also notes that keeping global warming to well below 2ºC can be achieved only by reducing greenhouse gas emissions from all sectors including land and food. Other critical themes addressed in the report include Land as a Resource, Desertification and Land Degradation, Food Security, Land and Climate Change Responses.

Four Caribbean scientists were involved in the authorship of this latest IPCC Report. Dr. Adrian Spence (UWI, Jamaica) was a lead author on Chapter 1 (Framing and Context), Dr. Kenel Delusca (Ministry of Environment/ Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies of Haiti, Haiti) was a lead author on Chapter 4 (Land degradation), Dr. Donovan Campbell (UWI, Jamaica) was a lead author on Chapter 6 (Interlinkages between desertification, land degradation, food security and greenhouse gas fluxes), and Professor Nourredine Benkeblia (UWI, Jamaica) was a review editor for Chapter 5 (Food Security). Their involvement highlights the region’s continuing contribution to the global science community examining the pressing issue of climate change. Caribbean scientists were also involved in the already released special report on 1.5 degrees.

For more about the Special Report on Climate Change and Land (SRCCL) including the summary for policy makers, a press release, a summary of headline statements, the complete list of authors, and other resources see

Request for Expression of Interest – Consultancy to Prepare an Integrated Needs Assessment: Water Usage, Accessibility and Storage Needs in Barbados

The Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre is seeking the services of a Consulting Firm to conduct an Integrated Needs Assessment to identify the Water Usage, Accessibility and Storage Needs in Barbados to identify the Most Vulnerable Households, polyclinics, schools, communities and farmers in Barbados for participation in a Water Storage and Rainwater-Harvesting (RWH) programme.

Peruse the following documents containing additional instructions and information:

Interested Firms are invited to submit their Expression of Interest no later than 10:00 am Belize time (GMT-6) on Monday August 26, 2019 to the email address

National Teacher Training Workshops For Climate Change Education

PRESS RELEASE – Belmopan, Belize; August 1, 2019 – Today August 1, 2019 the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) kicked off a national training exercise that aims to prepare teachers at the primary and secondary level in Belize to better understand and deliver the complex concepts and uncommon terminologies of Climate Science and Climate Change to their young students.

The 1.5° Curriculum training which is being delivered in six two-day workshops, introduces the Centre’s four-unit 1.5° to Stay Alive Curriculum and helps teachers to use the concepts and resources to support STEM subjects. Areas covered by the Curriculum and accompanying materials are Unit 1- The Warming Climate, Unit 2 – Sea Level Rise, Unit 3 – Pine Forests, Unit 4 – Social Impacts of Global Warming and include worksheets, photographs, posters, suggestions for PowerPoint presentations, and videos.

The Curriculum and the Training sessions on its use, form part of the Centre’s 1.5° to Stay Alive Educational Initiative which seeks to embed Climate Change in the regions’ education sector.

According to: Dr. Cain  “When youths are made aware of the connection between personal actions and Global Warming and Climate Change and how those actions relate to the associated impacts of these global phenomenon, they can grasp its ramifications. It is hoped that these workshops will result in heightened awareness amongst educators and youths, as well as changes in their personal habits, practices and values. Our youths must become more actively involved in actions, including leading the charge, towards a climate-resilient future.”

Dr Donneil Cain, Project Development Specialist, CCCCC

It is hoped that after training, educators will be better prepared to convey firm response actions and commitments to reduce vulnerabilities through the implementation of adaptation and mitigation measures.  Participants in these training sessions also learn how to incorporate Climate Change into their existing syllabi. The lessons utilise a cross-curricular approach of accepted philosophies and pedagogical techniques designed to foster interactive engagement in group discussions and practical experiments.

The sessions are being held as follows:

  • August 1 – 2 Belize City
  • August 5 – 6 Punta Gorda
  • August 7 – 8 Dangriga
  • August 12 – 13 Belmopan
  • August 14 – 15 San Ignacio
  • August 19 – 20 Orange Walk

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The Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre coordinates the region’s response to climate change. Officially opened in August 2005, the Centre is the key node for information on climate change issues and the region’s response to managing and adapting to climate change. We maintain the Caribbean’s most extensive repository of information and data on climate change specific to the region, which in part enables us to provide climate change-related policy advice and guidelines to CARICOM member states through the CARICOM Secretariat. In this role, the Centre is recognized by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the United Nations Environment Programme, and other international agencies as the focal point for climate change issues in the Caribbean. The Centre is also a United Nations Institute for Training and Research recognised Centre of Excellence, one of an elite few. Learn more about how we’re working to make the Caribbean more climate resilient by perusing The Implementation Plan.


Request for Proposals – Monitoring, Reporting and Verification System under the GCF Readiness and Preparatory Support in the Bahamas

The Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) has received funds from the Green Climate Fund (GCF) for the purpose of implementing the project “GCF Readiness and Preparatory Support in the Bahamas (Phase II)” and intends to apply a part of the proceeds towards payments for the consultancy “Monitoring, Reporting and Verification System under the GCF Readiness and Preparatory Support in the Bahamas”.

Peruse the following official documents:

The CCCCC now invites interested consultants to submit Proposals for this consultancy.

The deadline for submission is on or before 2:00pm (GMT-6), Friday 9 August 2019.

CALL FOR CV’S – Consultancy for the Development of National Roadmaps and Plans of Action for Climate Services in PPCR Countries

The University of the West Indies, Mona (UWI, Mona) has received financing from the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), toward the cost of the Investment Plan for the Caribbean Regional Track of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR).

The PPCR is a five-year project being executed by the Mona Office for Research and Innovation (MORI) with a programme mandate, which includes strengthening national and regional meteorological offices capacity to act as climate centres.

The main outcome of this assignment will be the development and finalization of a National Roadmap and Plan of Action for Climate Services in each selected PPCR country. The work will be done in close collaboration with national meteorological offices, national stakeholders and the Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology (CIMH), and now intends to apply part of the proceeds for the procurement of an individual consultant.

Peruse the following official documents:

Deadline for submissions is on July 30, 2019.

Vacancy – REDD+ Consultancy Team for Green Climate Fund Readiness Grant

The Ministry of Economic Growth and Job Creation (MEGJC) has received a readiness grant from the Green Climate Fund to assist Jamaica with the capacity building and planning mechanism to guide the country in becoming REDD+ ready, including the development of a REDD+ strategy. A portion of the grant will be used to engage a Consultancy firm (to include a Team Leader, Technical Lead (REDD+ Expert), REDD+ Communication Specialist and Social Safeguard and Gender Specialist). The Consultancy Firm (“Consultants”) may outsource support specialists as required to support Jamaica in the development of its REDD+ Readiness Strategy.

Peruse the official document below:

Deadline for submission of EoI is Tuesday 23rd July 2019 at 3:00pm (UTC-5).

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